The cervical cancer is treatable only if it is detected in its early stages. Through some tests early stages of cervical cancer can be detected. The only problem with this cancer is that it shows no obvious symptoms in the early stages. Sometimes it shows no symptoms at all. It is detected by a test called as Pap test.
What are the major causes of cervical cancer?
Human papilloma virus is a causative agent of the cervical cancer. It is spread by having a sexual contact with the people who are having the cancer. Several types of HPV are present but not all cause cervical cancer. Some of these viruses cause genital warts, while some types do not show symptoms. An individual can carry this virus for long in the body without even knowing it. HPV remains in the body for years and infects the body that leads to cervical cancer. Pap test is thus necessary to perform as it detects the virus in the body and help in diagnosing the cancer. If you treat this virus there is a chance of getting rid of cervical cancer completely.
What are cervical cancer symptoms?
As mentioned above this cancer in early stages rarely cause symptoms. But when the cancer grows fully then it starts showing remarkable symptoms. The cervical cancer symptoms include:
Abnormal Vaginal bleeding other than normal menstrual cycle is occurred. Sometimes heavy bleeding is seen during the cancer. During some cervix activities bleeding may occur like while having a sexual intercourse. Pain while having sex is also a symptom of cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer treatments:
There are some treatments recommended for curing the cancer which includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These treatments can be used alone or can be combined with each other. Cervical cancer treatments depend on the several factors such as health of the patient, stage of the cancer and considering the other treatments if they are used.
Surgery used to cure the cancer:
Most common and often used technique to treat cervical cancer is surgery. Many time surgeries are done alone or are combined with other processes like radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
The type of surgery used to treat the cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and some other factors.
Surgical treatments include:
Lymphadenectomy: The women suffering from cervical cancer are treated and their lymph nodes are removed by the surgical processes.
Radial Trachelectomy: In this process cervix along with its tissues is removed and the uterus body is kept intact. Both these procedures are carried out in young woman so as to maintain their fertility.
Radical hysterectomy: Uterus, cervix and a region of vagina is removed by surgical process. In some cases ovaries, lymph nodes and even fallopian tubes are removed. This procedure can be combined with radiation and chemotherapy.
Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy: Removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries is carried out in this procedure.
Chemotherapy is the most prescribed cervical cancer treatment causes radiation therapy more effective. The drugs of chemotherapy kill the cancerous cells and stop their growth. Several chemotherapy drugs are available and provided for different stages for cancer and considering the other factors as well.
Radiation therapy includes exposure of tumors or cancer cells with high energy radiations. This treatment can be done by placing the radioactive material in the interior of the uterus or can be done externally by using radiation therapy machines. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most effective cervical cancer treatments. These are prescribed by considering the health and some other factors.