Treatments To Get Rid of Cervical Cancer

The cervical cancer is treatable only if it is detected in its early stages. Through some tests early stages of cervical cancer can be detected. The only problem with this cancer is that it shows no obvious symptoms in the early stages. Sometimes it shows no symptoms at all. It is detected by a test called as Pap test.

What are the major causes of cervical cancer?

Human papilloma virus is a causative agent of the cervical cancer. It is spread by having a sexual contact with the people who are having the cancer. Several types of HPV are present but not all cause cervical cancer. Some of these viruses cause genital warts, while some types do not show symptoms. An individual can carry this virus for long in the body without even knowing it. HPV remains in the body for years and infects the body that leads to cervical cancer. Pap test is thus necessary to perform as it detects the virus in the body and help in diagnosing the cancer. If you treat this virus there is a chance of getting rid of cervical cancer completely.

What are cervical cancer symptoms?

As mentioned above this cancer in early stages rarely cause symptoms. But when the cancer grows fully then it starts showing remarkable symptoms. The cervical cancer symptoms include:

Abnormal Vaginal bleeding other than normal menstrual cycle is occurred. Sometimes heavy bleeding is seen during the cancer. During some cervix activities bleeding may occur like while having a sexual intercourse. Pain while having sex is also a symptom of cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer treatments:

There are some treatments recommended for curing the cancer which includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These treatments can be used alone or can be combined with each other. Cervical cancer treatments depend on the several factors such as health of the patient, stage of the cancer and considering the other treatments if they are used.

Surgery used to cure the cancer:

Most common and often used technique to treat cervical cancer is surgery. Many time surgeries are done alone or are combined with other processes like radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
The type of surgery used to treat the cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and some other factors.

Surgical treatments include:

Lymphadenectomy: The women suffering from cervical cancer are treated and their lymph nodes are removed by the surgical processes.

Radial Trachelectomy: In this process cervix along with its tissues is removed and the uterus body is kept intact. Both these procedures are carried out in young woman so as to maintain their fertility.

Radical hysterectomy: Uterus, cervix and a region of vagina is removed by surgical process. In some cases ovaries, lymph nodes and even fallopian tubes are removed. This procedure can be combined with radiation and chemotherapy.

Bilateral Salpingo Oophorectomy: Removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries is carried out in this procedure.


Chemotherapy is the most prescribed cervical cancer treatment causes radiation therapy more effective. The drugs of chemotherapy kill the cancerous cells and stop their growth. Several chemotherapy drugs are available and provided for different stages for cancer and considering the other factors as well.

Radiation Therapy:

Radiation therapy includes exposure of tumors or cancer cells with high energy radiations. This treatment can be done by placing the radioactive material in the interior of the uterus or can be done externally by using radiation therapy machines. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the most effective cervical cancer treatments. These are prescribed by considering the health and some other factors.

Know More About Cervical Cancer

More than 3000 women are suffering from the cervical cancer in India every year which causes their death. India alone has a death rate of 27% due to the cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is caused due to the Human Papilloma virus while sexual contact. Even when the use of contraceptive does not control the virus then this condition should be considered as alarming. This disease is asymptomatic for a longer period of time and it invades the neighboring tissues as due to this the death rate is high.

Cervical cancer can develop if your age is above 35; if you had sex before the 15 years of age, if you have HIV, if you had sexual contact with many partners, if you smoke, having birth control pills frequently, unprotected sex, low immunity and hormonal changes.

The infection due to HPV is quite common and it occurs when one gets sexually active. The virus spreads to different persons through sexual contact, generally due to anal and vaginal sex. There is high possibility of developing a cancer due to the persistent infections.

Cervical cancer symptoms vary from woman to woman often they are unnoticed because they imitate so other diseases. Sometimes women may pass these symptoms off ovulation pains or sometimes the cervical cancer shows no symptoms. The symptoms are not observed at the primary stages and some more serious conditions appear when the cervical cancer has reached the advanced stage.

Cervical cancer symptoms:

Some major symptoms that are observed in the majority of women are:

Abnormal bleeding: Women suffering from cervical cancer may cause excessive bleeding from vagina. The bleeding can either be heavy or light.

Heavy discharge: Excess vaginal discharge is one of the symptoms of cervical cancer. The discharge might be a watery, smelling, thick or possess mucus. If you experience such type of discharge then you should definitely visit a doctor.

Pelvic pain: Pelvic pain may develop as a symptom of cervical cancer. Pelvic pains can be sharp or dull and can even lasts for several hours. Severe or mild pains are experienced by different women.

Painful urination: Pain in the bladder and painful urination can develop as a symptom of cervical cancer. This symptom is found when the disease has spread up to the bladder.

Bleeding is observed during menstrual periods, after having sex, pelvic exam or douching. All these can be a severe cervical cancer symptoms and whenever these are found one should immediately seek for cervical cancer treatment. All these symptoms are observed because of the irritation in cervix during various activities. Healthy cervix can bleed a little after having a sexual intercourse and other such activities.

Symptoms of developed cervical cancer include: weight loss, loss of appetite, pain in back and legs, swollen legs, excess bleeding from vagina,  leakage of urine, very rare faeces from vagina are observed.

If you are facing the symptoms or problems stated above, you should get an appointment of the doctor and visit the clinic and make sure that the symptoms you are suffering from are of cervical cancer. As soon as you see a doctor in the early stages there is a chance of getting free from cervical cancer. Help the doctor by telling him the problem you are facing, this may lead to perfect diagnosis of the disease.

Cervical cancer treatment involves different methods depending on the stage of the cancer developed in the women. Often the treatments offered by the doctor for the sufferers are chemotherapy, surgery and high dose or exposure to high radiation therapy. These are the traditional cervical cancer treatments.

What is Cervical Cancer

It lays in the humbler region of the female uterus, also known as uterine cervix, the place where a baby rises. The body of the uterus is connected to Vagina, (also known as birth canal) through cervix. It is a clenched muscle which has a minor opening that allows the passage of the sperm, through and helps in the blood flow during the menstrual bleeding. It opens up during pregnancy when the labour starts. There are two layers of cells that covers the Cervix; the Squamous cells forming the Exocervix and the Glandular cells forming the Endocervix, both these cells fuse at a common point  forming the Transformation Zone , this is the place where most of the Cervical cancers start.

In depth:

Cervical cancer is the second largest cause of death of women in the underdeveloped parts of the world. An abnormal growth in the cervix tissues is called a cervical cancer, it does not occur rapidly but grows gradually, the United States researches show that there will be about 12,170 new cases of the Cervical cancer and 4,220 deaths for the year 2012

Majorly Cervical cancer can be of two types: Adenocarcinoma and Squamous carcinoma of cell, Squamous cell carcinoma forms the majority of about 80-90% sufferers of cervical cancer. The remaining population suffers Adenocarcinoma which is less common. In less common cases there might be both the types occurring together forming a condition of Adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas. The infection starts with a pre-cancerous change called Pre cancer. It might take several years for a pre cancer to develop into a Cervical cancer though it can also develop within a year. Pre cancer gradually might go away even without taking any medication in most of the women however it might deform into an incursive cancer or an actual cervical cancer.

Adenosquamous carcinomas: Contributing to about 15 to 20 percent of most of the cervical cancers, Adenocarcinoma ranks the second position being one of the most common of its type, It has to be successfully diagnosed and treated at the initial stages else can disrupt the uterus walls and can even infect and cause harm to different parts of the human body through the lymphatic system.

Cervical cancer Symptoms

Women with pre cancer do not show any symptoms these occur only when the pre cancer changes to a true cancer following symptoms might occur for the invasive cancer:

Aberrant bleeding of vagina, if there is a an abnormal bleeding after sex, after menopause, blobbing during periods, having excessive and continued menstrual flow more than the usual cycle, also if there is bleeding or spotting after any pelvic examination, intense pain during vaginal intercourse are the most generic symptoms that confirms the presence of a Cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer Treatment

There are majorly three ways to treat a Cervical Cancer; Chemotherapy, Surgery and Radiation Therapy

A women if shows some abnormalities after the Pap test during colposcopy ( an examination of Vaginal tissues, the doctor would remove it by LEEP or LLETZ methods which are type of electrosurgical methods,  there are other options available as Cryosurgery or laser surgery and cold knife cone biopsy. The mentioned treatments are truly effective and destruct the pre cancer growth by not allowing them to develop into actual cancer. Further which treatment has to be used for which patient depends entirely on the disease stage as to what level of abnormalities has been developed in the patient also there are other factors like age, present health, self circumstances, that have to be considered before finalizing the type of treatment. Remember it is always good to take your doctor’s consent and grab more information about the disease and the treatment before you come to a decision.